I explain the difference between older and elder in this short video lesson. As always, with plenty of examples.
Scroll down to read the transcript of this lesson.
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Difference between Older and Elder - Transcript
Hi there my name is Harry. Welcome to English in a minute and we bring this to you by englishlessonviaskype.com.
Today we’re going to talk about the adjective OLD and its comparative and superlative uses – OLD OLDER and OLDEST.
Other three forms:
📌 My old cat.
📌 My older dog.
📌 The oldest animal.
When we’re talking about things or people we can use OLD OLDER OLDEST.
📌 The old man.
📌 The older woman.
📌 The oldest person I know.
So it doesn’t matter whether it is an animal or a person – old older oldest.
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The other format is OLD ELDER ELDEST.
But we can only use elder and eldest when we’re referring to immediate family.
📌 My elder brother is a doctor.
📌 My eldest sister is a nurse.
So here we’re talking about immediate family members, brothers and sisters so we can use old elder and eldest.
Of course, we can use old older and oldest. But when we’re talking about immediate family, we can only use elder and eldest.
So another rule that I would like to bring to your attention is that
when we’re using elder we can only use it when it’s followed by a noun.
📌 My elder sister.
📌 My eldest brother.
But if I say My brother is older than me – that is correct
but I can’t say My brother is elder than me because in this situation elder is not followed immediately by a noun.
Okay. So there are the rules concerning the adjectives old, older, oldest or old, elder and eldest.
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